China & Migration
This week on Facebook: Some weeks a back an acquaintance in the USA sent me a link to What Happens When an MBA Student Raised in Communist China Reads Hayek. While the article presents a very biased view (particularly towards the USA), it does go some way to explain the explosive rise in China’s economic growth. Perhaps it isn’t known how the Hayek doctrine of economics influences Chinese communist party thought but I’m sure that it does, especially the economic views of Xi Jinping. One thing remains certain: The Peoples Republic of China is founded on a Constitution that is vastly different from the of the United States of America, notwithstanding the economic views of Hayek.
As I have written and implied elsewhere, the China model is a seductive ideology to the political class¹. This is not just in terms of the economic growth it promises, but even more so in the power that its Constitution gives to the State, its public administration and its ability to curtail any dissent regarding the Constitution.
This Constitution affirms the achievements of the struggles of the Chinese people of all nationalities and defines the basic system and basic tasks of the state in legal form; it is the fundamental law of the state and has supreme legal authority. The exercise by citizens of the People’s Republic of China of their freedoms and rights may not infringe upon the interests of the state, of society and of the collective, or upon the lawful freedoms and rights of other citizens. Constitution Of The People’s Republic Of China
Unlike the Constitution of the USA written to protect the rights of its citizens and not those of the State. The difference between the constitution of the USA and China being that in the USA the State only exists at the behest of its citizens who must agree to any constitutional changes².
“Our Founding Fathers instituted a form of government guided by the rule of law rather than the desires of a majority of voters. They understood that a democracy is always in flux and given to “mob rule,” while a republic is fixed and stable, resting on “the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God.” America: A Republic, Not a Democracy
Regarding China and migration I find it impossible to separate migration from political thoughts and ideology. Perhaps African cartoonist Victor Ndula presents a global perspective, if essentially African history related. Migration is essentially economic (little change in that respect), but now global use of the internet makes visible an industrial nations’ claim to increases in economic growth. However, the internet also makes visible interpretations of the consequences and the political motivations of the ideological mindsets that are the driving forces of migration³.
Chinese in Africa — Soap sellers and bridge builders: Are the 1-million or so Chinese nationals (according to an estimate by The Economist) who live and work on the African continent a neo-colonialist scourge that matches, if not outstrips, the one that preceded it? Or are they flying solo? To arrive at an answer, we need to properly understand the sweep of Chinese engagement in Africa and the critical role labour plays.
New Chinese Immigrants Are Different From Chinese Americans And Proud Of It: New Chinese arrivals do not feel solidarity with disadvantaged groups not because they are bigoted but because they do not consider themselves disadvantaged. Most are pleased to have a chance to pursue the economic and educational paths the USA offers.
European life attracts Chinese: Amy Liu, an assistant professor in the Department of Government at the University of Texas at Austin, specialises in the study of Chinese communities in Eastern Europe. She says: “Nobody wakes up in China thinking, ‘Hey I want to move to Hungary or Bulgaria’. But they offer stability and a way to bring family over. The Chinese communities (in these countries) provide cheap goods … there was a period of them being viewed as competition. We’re seeing more successful Chinese companies and you have Chinese buying up companies and businesses. They’re saving dying companies, but they’re seen as a threat.”
Chinese In The Russian Far east: A Geopolitical Time Bomb? Sino-Russian relations are “at their best time in history”, Chinese President Xi Jinping told Russian media attending the summit — words that were backed up with the announcement of a US $10 billion fund for cross-border infrastructure projects. But for all the fanfare surrounding the fund, Chinese investment in the region is helping to fuel tension, raising fears of China’s growing presence in the Russian Far east. A side effect of Beijing’s investment — an influx of Chinese migrants — is often perceived by locals as an expression of China’s de facto territorial expansion.
China — An Emerging Destination for Economic Migration: As China begins the necessary process of establishing an immigration policy to deal with its new status as a destination country, it also continues to be one of the great sources of the world’s migrants. China is ranked by the World Bank as the fourth largest country of emigration in the world, with 8.3 million China-born people living outside its borders in 2010. This figure includes some 3 million people born in China and living in Hong Kong and Macao, but China would still be considered a major country of emigration even if they were excluded as internal (rather than international) migrants.
Referenced Articles & Books: A book or pdf (usually free), or simply a url that may sometimes link to a download that is also usually free. Sometimes a link to JSTOR is used, this lets you set up a free account allowing you to have 6 (interchangeable) books stored that you can read online.
¹The Establishment is dead. But something worse has replaced it: The Political Class is distinguished from earlier governing elites by a lack of experience of and connection with other ways of life. Its members make government their exclusive study. This means they tend not to have significant knowledge of industry, commerce, or civil society, meaning their outlook is often metropolitan and London-based. This converts them into a separate, privileged elite, isolated from the aspirations and the problems of provincial, rural and suburban Britain.
²Antonin Scalia — Opening Statement on American Exceptionalism to a Senate Judiciary Committee: Unless Americans can appreciate that and learn to love the separation of powers, which means learning to love the gridlock, which the Framers believed would be the main protection of minorities — the main protection. If a bill is about to pass that really comes down hard on some minority [and] they think it’s terribly unfair, it doesn’t take much to throw a monkey wrench into this complex system. So, Americans should appreciate that and they should learn to love the gridlock. It’s there for a reason — so that the legislation that gets out will be good legislation.
³International Migration: Almost everywhere on the world, international migration is a hot topic. Most of the time the debate about migration is fierce and charged with prejudices and fears. At the political level, this has far-reaching consequences, ranging from electoral victories of populist right-wing parties to the increasing isolation policy of Europe and the United States. But what exactly is migration? What are its causes? And what are problems and opportunities?
2017 2018 @ A.P. Herbert Albert Haddock Banks blog book books budget budget deficit C.S. Lewis censorship China Civil Service constitution Crime CRT cryptocurrency CWG debt deficit democracy economics education ethics EU euro fiat money Film France freedom of expression gdp government history human-rights internet J M Keynes language Law Ludwig Von Mises Margaret Thatcher Matt morality music Musical national debt New Labour NHS opinion parody PFI poetry police Police & Crime Commissioners politics Quantitative Easing research school Screwtape Sir Ethelred Rutt K.C. social-media Social Welfare statistics T.E. Utley taxation terrorism Thatcher The Telegraph UK Unemployment USA Victor Hugo war war on terror
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